Journal Article

Gingival recessions and the change of inclination of mandibular incisors during orthodontic treatment

Anne Marie Renkema, Piotr S. Fudalej, Alianne Renkema, Ewald Bronkhorst and Christos Katsaros

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 35, issue 2, pages 249-255
Published in print April 2013 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online July 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Gingival recessions and the change of inclination of mandibular incisors during orthodontic treatment

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SUMMARY A recent systematic review demonstrated that, overall, orthodontic treatment might result in a small worsening of periodontal status. The aim of this retrospective study was to test the hypothesis that a change of mandibular incisor inclination promotes development of labial gingival recessions.

One hundred and seventy-nine subjects who met the following inclusion criteria were selected: age 11–14 years at start of orthodontic treatment (TS), bonded retainer placed immediately after treatment (T0), dental casts and lateral cephalograms available pre-treatment (TS), post-treatment (T0), 2 years post-treatment (T2), and 5 years post-treatment (T5). Depending on the change of lower incisor inclination during treatment (ΔInc_Incl), the sample was divided into three groups: Retro (N = 34; ΔInc_Incl ≤ –1 degree), Stable (N = 22; ΔInc_Incl > –1 degree and ≤1 degree), and Pro (N = 123; ΔInc_Incl > 1 degree). Clinical crown heights of mandibular incisors and the presence of gingival recessions in this region were assessed on plaster models. Fisher’s exact tests, one-way analysis of variance, and regression models were used for analysis of inter-group differences.

The mean increase of clinical crown heights (T0 to T5) of mandibular incisors ranged from 0.6 to 0.91 mm in the Retro, Stable, and Pro groups, respectively; the difference was not significant (P = 0.534). At T5, gingival recessions were present in 8.8, 4.5, and 16.3 per cent patients from the Retro, Stable, and Pro groups, respectively. The difference was not significant (P = 0.265).

The change of lower incisors inclination during treatment did not affect development of labial gingival recessions in this patient group.

Journal Article.  4298 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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