[Arab. Bardha‛a; Armen. Partav]
Town and regional centre in Azerbaijan. Located 20 km from the Kura River in Transcaucasia, it was the residence of the Sasanian governor-generals from the 5th to the 7th century ad and of the Albanian princes in the 7th century. In the 8th century it became the headquarters of the Arab governors in charge of the provinces of Arran and Armenia. It remained a large and flourishing town until the beginning of the 10th century but then declined dramatically. Despite its ruined state, it retained its reputation as a Muslim holy place because of the remains of religious buildings erected under the Abbasid caliphate, and it was the preferred place of burial for local Muslims. The town centre was the pisé fortress (114×115 m) fortified with round towers and a gate in the south-west wall. Ruined pisé walls inside the fortress may have been part of a palace dating from the 14th century....
Reference Entry. 443 words.
Subjects: Islamic Art ; Art of the Middle East and North Africa
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