Reference Entry

Chartres

Peter Kidson and Virginia Chieffo Raguin

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T016111

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[anc. Autricum]

City in Eure-et-Loir, northern France. In Roman times Chartres was Autricum, the civitas capital of the Carnutes, and it qualified for a bishop when an episcopal system was set up in Gaul during the 3rd century ad. The history of the town in the medieval period is dominated by the cathedral (see §I below), which was an important centre of learning in the 11th century and the goal of a pilgrimage by the 12th. Although there has been much 19th- and 20th-century development at Chartres, some earlier houses still survive within the area of the old ramparts. The former Benedictine abbey church of St Pierre, rebuilt from the 12th century, is especially notable for its fine late 13th- and 14th-century glass (see Stained glass, §II, 1). Other churches include St Aignan (early Gothic with later post-medieval additions) and St Martin-au-Val (Romanesque). The former episcopal palace adjoining the cathedral now houses the Musée des Beaux-Arts, which has significant medieval holdings....

Reference Entry.  7010 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Art

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