Reference Entry

Corbel

Lisa A. Reilly

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T019416

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Architecture
  • Art Techniques and Principles

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Piece of stone, wood, or iron that projects from a wall to support an object placed upon it, such as an architectural element or a statue. By arranging a series of corbels it is possible to span an opening with a corbelled arch or vault, which exerts no lateral thrust (see Vault).

In Greek architecture corbels were employed as supports from at least the mid-6th century bc, for example in the consoles, a type of carved corbel, that support the cornice of the Ionic Temple of Athena (c. 550 bc), Parikia, Paros, later incorporated into Ayios Konstantinos. Corbels were used similarly by the Romans, as in the Arch of Augustus (27 bc), Rimini, where they support the mouldings that form the pediment. Roman architects also used corbels as a constructional device in the erection of arches and barrel vaults. By inserting temporary corbels that projected from the piers it was possible to use less scaffolding (...

Reference Entry.  889 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Architecture ; Art Techniques and Principles

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.