Reference Entry

Fouquet [Foucquet], Jean

Claude Schaefer

in Oxford Art Online

ISBN: 9780227679319
Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T029118
Fouquet [Foucquet], Jean

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(b Tours, c. 1425; d Tours, c. 1478).

French painter and illuminator. He is regarded as the most important French painter of the 15th century and was responsible for introducing Italian Renaissance elements into French painting. Little is known of his life, and, apart from a signed self-portrait medallion (Paris, Louvre), his only authenticated work is the Antiquités judaïques (Paris, Bib. N., MS. fr. 247). A corpus of works by Fouquet has therefore been established on the basis of stylistic criteria, but its exact chronology is uncertain.

One tempting theory about Fouquet’s training is that he was apprenticed in the Bourges workshops of Jacob de Littemont (d c. 1478), court painter of Charles VII, whose name suggests a south Netherlandish origin; this might explain the combination of Netherlandish and French traits seen in his works.

Fouquet was born around 1425 and went to Rome, perhaps as a member of the French delegation, in 1446. Later he depicted from memory in the Chevalier Hours the coronation of the pope Nicholas V, which took place in Rome on the ...

Reference Entry.  5067 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Book Arts and Illustration ; Renaissance Art

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