Reference Entry

Haiti, Republic of

Dolores M. Yonker and Eva Pataki

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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Country in the Caribbean. Occupying 26,000 sq. km of the western part of the island of Hispaniola (see fig.), it is volcanic in origin and mountainous. Intense cultivation of mountain slopes has caused severe erosion, and despite attempts at reforestation, Haiti is virtually barren of forest cover. The principal agricultural regions are the lowlands of the northern plain, the central plateau, the valley of the Artibonite River, and the Cul de Sac plain in the south. Over one hundred rivers and streams flow from mountain headlands into the Atlantic to the north, the Gulf of La Gonâve to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the south. The largest cities are the capital of Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien in the north. The majority of Haitians speak French Creole and practice the religion of Vodoun.

Dolores M. Yonker, revised by C. C. McKee

Christopher Columbus landed on ...

Reference Entry.  6362 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Latin American and Caribbean Art

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