Reference Entry

Kalydon

R. A. Tomlinson

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T045572

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[Calydon]

Site of ancient Greek city in Aitolia on the northern side of the Corinthian Gulf, situated on two hills overlooking the plain of the River Euenos. It flourished from the Late Bronze Age until 30 bc, when its inhabitants were transferred to Nikopolis. It featured in Greek mythology as the home of Oineus and his sons Tydeus and Meleager and as the location of the Kalydonian boar-hunt, while the more northerly of its two hills was a Mycenaean acropolis and bears traces of possible Late Bronze Age fortifications. The area has also produced Late Bronze Age pottery, and Dark Age (12th century bc) pottery, including Protogeometric work (c. 1050–c. 900 bc), occurs in its tombs. Although Kalydon’s site was strategically important and Strabo (Geography X.ii.3) called it an ornament to Greece, it had little impact on Greek history. The Classical city remains unexcavated, although traces of its fortifications survive, extending for some 4 km. Only a section in the south-west has been published on a contoured plan, along with details of the west gate. The wall forms a series of jogs rather than a continuous straight line, and has square towers, suggesting an early Hellenistic date....

Reference Entry.  921 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Archaeology ; Greek and Roman Art ; Prehistoric Art

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