Reference Entry

Rhoikos and Theodoros

D. Graham J. Shipley

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(fl Samos, mid-6th century bc).

Greek architects and ?artists. They are occasionally referred to as father and son, though Herodotus (the only near-contemporary authority) gave their fathers’ names as Philes and Telekles respectively (Histories III.lx.4, III.xli.1). He described Rhoikos as the ‘first architect’ of the ‘Great Temple of Hera’ at the Sanctuary of Hera (Heraion) on Samos (III.lx.4). This probably indicates the third Temple of Hera or ‘First Dipteros’, now excavated (see Samos, §1). It was probably built c. 560 bc and destroyed by fire c. 545 bc, though these dates may be too early. Pausanias (Guide to Greece X.xxxviii.6) mentioned a bronze statue attributed to Rhoikos alone, but elsewhere he is only mentioned alongside Theodoros. The latter need not be younger than Rhoikos; Herodotus (–3) believed that he had made a silver bowl for Croesus, King of Lydia (reg c. 560–546 bc). Like Rhoikos, he too worked on a temple in the Heraion (Pliny: ...

Reference Entry.  480 words. 

Subjects: Architecture ; Greek and Roman Art

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