Reference Entry

Shishkin, Ivan

Elizabeth K. Valkenier

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b Yelabuyga, Jan 25, 1832; d St Petersburg, March 20, 1898).

Russian painter, etcher and draughtsman. He studied at the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Moscow (1852–6) and at the Academy of Arts in St Petersburg (1856–60). His early work is strongly Romantic in character, as exemplified by the idyllic View of Valaam Island (1858; Kiev, Mus. Rus. A.). On a government grant (1862–5) he studied at the academies of Munich, Prague and Düsseldorf, and during these years he turned to a more objective representation of the countryside, as in View in the Vicinity of Düsseldorf (1865; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.). The depiction of forests then became the hallmark of his work. Shishkin was one of the founder-members of the Wanderers (Peredvizhniki), exhibiting three works in their first exhibition in 1871. Shishkin strove for an accurate rendering of the endless variety of forms in the plant world (which earned him the sobriquet ‘the book-keeper of leaves’), but his best work is far from being a dry and punctilious exercise in recording botanical detail. Some scenes give a sense of the majesty of Russian forests and fields (e.g. ...

Reference Entry.  352 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; Prints and Printmaking ; Architecture ; 19th-Century Art

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