Reference Entry


Dominique Collon, Tessa Garton, Jane Geddes, Bruce Tattersall, Walter Smith, Sian E. Jay and David M. Jones

in Oxford Art Online

ISBN: 9780195300826
Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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Ceremonial chair or seat, usually that of a sovereign or ecclesiastical dignitary, often placed in an elevated position and accompanied by a footstool, a cloth hanging and a canopy.

For African thrones see Africa, §VI, 7, (ii).

Although little ancient Near Eastern furniture has survived, the evidence of sculpture and seals indicates that the early peoples of the region sat on chairs at tables to eat and that a hierarchy of seating had developed at least by 3000 bc. Larger chairs or stools, often decorated with bulls’ legs, were reserved for rulers or important functionaries, as can be seen on the ‘Royal Standard of Ur’ (c. 2600 bc). From c. 2100 bc kings were shown seated on stools, which were generally raised on a dais or a stepped platform. These were covered with a fleece or woollen cloth, later replaced by tasselled textiles; thrones with low, medium or high backs are also depicted. In the Levant thrones supported by sphinxes are attested from the late 2nd millennium ...

Reference Entry.  11034 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Professional Interior Design

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