Journal Article

Verbal Learning and Everyday Functioning in Dementia: An Application of Latent Variable Growth Curve Modeling

Benjamin T. Mast and Jason C. Allaire

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series B

Published on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America

Volume 61, issue 3, pages P167-P173
Published in print May 2006 | ISSN: 1079-5014
Published online May 2006 | e-ISSN: 1758-5368 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronb/61.3.P167
Verbal Learning and Everyday Functioning in Dementia: An Application of Latent Variable Growth Curve Modeling

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  • Geriatric Medicine
  • Psychology
  • Gerontology and Ageing

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This study used latent variable growth curve modeling to identify predictors and correlates of verbal learning over trials on a list-learning task in patients with dementia. Data from 116 patients evaluated at the Detroit satellite of the Michigan Alzheimer's Disease Research Center were incorporated in the present analyses. Patients were administered the Fuld Object Memory Evaluation, examined independently by a geriatrician, and, if appropriate, given a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease according to criteria from the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association. The presence of dementia significantly predicted both the intercept (i.e., level of performance) and the slope (i.e., learning over trials), with dementia patients demonstrating lower overall levels of performance and less verbal learning over trials. Rate of verbal learning over trials was a significant predictor of everyday functioning (instrumental activities of daily living) above and beyond general cognitive impairment and demographics.

Journal Article.  6245 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Geriatric Medicine ; Psychology ; Gerontology and Ageing

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