Journal Article

Magnetostratigraphy of the middle-upper Jurassic sedimentary sequences at Yanshiping, Qiangtang Basin, China

Chunhui Song, Yongyao Zeng, Maodu Yan, Song Wu, Xiaomin Fang, Jing Bao, Jinbo Zan and Xifang Liu

in Geophysical Journal International

Volume 206, issue 3, pages 1847-1863
ISSN: 0956-540X
Published online May 2016 | e-ISSN: 1365-246X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggw199
Magnetostratigraphy of the middle-upper Jurassic sedimentary sequences at Yanshiping, Qiangtang Basin, China

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A series of important geological events occurred in the Tibetan Plateau area during the Jurassic, such as the collision of the Lhasa and Qiangtang Terranes, the closure of the Meso-Tethyan Ocean, the opening of the Neo-Tethyan Ocean and the cessation of the mega-monsoon. The ∼3000 m thick Jurassic sedimentary sequence in the Qiangtang Basin on the central Tibetan Plateau, which is called the Yanshiping (YSP) Group, recorded these geological events. However, the chronology of the sequence is surprisingly poorly constrained. Here, we perform a detailed palaeomagnetic analysis on the ∼1060 m thick middle and upper portions of the YSP Group (the Xiali and Suowa Formations) in the YSP section of the eastern Qiangtang Basin. Three bivalve zones at stratigraphic intervals of ∼40–140, 640–800 and 940–1040 m are identified, which yield a Bathonian–Callovian age for the Lower Xiali Fm., a Callovian–Oxfordian age for the Lower Suowa Fm. and an Oxfordian–Kimmeridgian age for the Upper Suowa Fm. A total of 544 oriented palaeomagnetic samples were collected from the section. By combining thermal and alternating field demagnetizations, clear characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) directions are isolated for most of the samples. The robust ChRM directions pass fold and reversals tests, which support the primary nature of the ChRMs and yield a palaeopole at 76.8°N/297.2°E (dp = 2.2°, dm = 3.7°). A total of 27 normal and 26 reversed polarity zones were successfully recorded in the section. Combined with fossil age constraints, results suggest that the section is plausibly composed of a Callovian-Early Kimmeridgian age sedimentary sequence.

Keywords: Magnetostratigraphy; Palaeomagnetism applied to tectonics; Rock and mineral magnetism; Asia

Journal Article.  9225 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Geology and the Lithosphere

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