Reference Entry

Bunin, Revol′ Samuilovich

Alla Vladimirovna Grigor′yeva

in Oxford Music Online

Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.04320

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(b Moscow, April 6, 1924; d Moscow, July 3, 1976). Russian composer. He graduated in 1945 from the Moscow Conservatory, where his composition teachers were Litinsky, Shebalin and Shostakovich. In 1947 he was an assistant teacher in Shostakovich's composition class at the Leningrad Conservatory, and then became an editor at the state music publishers Muzgiz in Moscow (1948–53).

Although Bunin worked in many genres, the core of his output lies in orchestral and chamber music. This music possesses links with Russian 19th-century traditions and folk-music (Musorgsky in particular) and also with 20th-century composers such as Shostakovich, Stravinsky, Prokofiev and Sviridov. Bunin attempted to reinterpret past experience in his renewal of classical genres, forms and harmonic and modal resources, and in his creation of a fresh orchestral palette. Contrasts of genre and style abound in his work: the oratorio Vedi nas, doroga (‘Lead Us, Road’), juxtaposes diatonic passages, folksong motifs and depictions of Russian antiquity with the angular rhythms and modal specificity of traditional jazz. In his largest-scale symphony, the seventh, lyrical forms are contrasted with dramatic, grotesque and tragic elements. An elevated and tragic current runs through much of Bunin's music....

Reference Entry.  556 words. 

Subjects: Contemporary Music

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