Reference Entry

Krieger [Kriger, Krüger, Krugl], Johann Philipp

Harold E. Samuel

in Oxford Music Online

Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.15539

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[Kriegher, Giovanni Filippo]

(b Nuremberg, bap. Feb 27, 1649; d Weissenfels, Feb 6, 1725). German composer, organist and keyboard player, elder brother of Johann Krieger. He was one of the outstanding German composers of his time, especially of church cantatas, of which he wrote over 2000 (nearly all lost); under his direction the cultivation of music at the small court at Weissenfels rose to the highest level of German court music.

The chief sources for Krieger’s biography (Doppelmayr and MatthesonGEP), who agree on its main events but vary in details and dates, only some of which can be substantiated from other sources. Mattheson told the following about his early musical training in Nuremberg: ‘In his eighth year [he] began clavier lessons with Johann Drechsel [Johannes Dretzel], a pupil of Froberger; he also received instruction on various other instruments from the famous Gabriel Schütz’. According to Doppelmayr ‘he progressed so rapidly in this [clavier lessons] that already at the age of nine he amazed large audiences with his playing; moreover, he was able to play any melody that was sung to him and to perform well-made arias that he himself had written’....

Reference Entry.  2595 words. 

Subjects: Baroque Music

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