Reference Entry

Schott

Hans-Christian Müller, Frank Daunton and Clifford Caesar

in Oxford Music Online

Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.25063

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German firm of music publishers. It was founded by Bernhard Schott (b Eltville, 10 Aug 1748; d Sandhof, nr Heidesheim, 26 April 1809) in Mainz. Eitner gave 1770 as the year of foundation, and the firm celebrated its bicentenary in 1970, but the publishing house was probably not founded until 1780, when Schott was granted a privilegium exclusivum and the title of music engraver to the court of the elector at Mainz. Schott had studied from 1768 to 1771 at the University of Mainz (graduating as magister artium), was clarinettist in a Strasbourg regiment from 1771 to 1773 and travelled in the Netherlands and England; in addition to his musical education, he gained a knowledge of copperplate engraving and particularly of music engraving. He was thus more thoroughly trained for the profession of music publishing than many of his contemporaries. He began his publishing venture with editions of the works of Abbé Vogler and his circle and with the composers for the Hofkapelle at Mainz, especially the works of G.A. Kreusser and J.F.X. Sterkel. Above all he brought out music for which there was a popular demand, such as piano scores and arrangements of popular operas; he published the first piano scores of Mozart’s ...

Reference Entry.  1533 words. 

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