Journal Article

The Determinants of Migration from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Wim Naudé

in Journal of African Economies

Volume 19, issue 3, pages 330-356
Published in print June 2010 | ISSN: 0963-8024
Published online March 2010 | e-ISSN: 1464-3723 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jae/ejq004
The Determinants of Migration from Sub-Saharan African Countries

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  • International Factor Movements and International Business
  • Economic Development
  • Non-renewable Resources and Conservation
  • Environmental Economics
  • Household Analysis
  • Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies

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This paper investigates the determinants of migration from 45 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries over the period 1965–2005. The significant determinants are armed conflict and lack of job opportunities. An additional year of conflict is estimated to raise emigration by 1.7 per 1,000 inhabitants, while an additional 1% reduction in relative growth is found to reduce emigration by 1.5 per 1,000. Demographic and environmental pressures are found to have a less important direct impact, although they may have an indirect impact on migration through conflict and job opportunities. Finally, evidence is found of a ‘migration hump’ in migration from SSA, which is consistent with the finding that much migration from SSA is forced.

Keywords: F22; J61; O15; R23; Q34; Q54

Journal Article.  8851 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Factor Movements and International Business ; Economic Development ; Non-renewable Resources and Conservation ; Environmental Economics ; Household Analysis ; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies

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