Journal Article

Population Ecology of Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) in West Bengal, India

in Journal of Medical Entomology

Published on behalf of Entomological Society of America

Volume 36, issue 5, pages 588-594
Published in print September 1999 | ISSN: 0022-2585
Published online September 2014 | e-ISSN: 1938-2928 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/36.5.588
Population Ecology of Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) in West Bengal, India

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The population abundance of Phlebotomus argentipes Annandale & Brunetti was studied between January 1986 and December 1987 at 2 sites in West Bengal, India, in relation to 8 ecological parameters (air temperature, rainfall, windspeed, relative humidity, soil moisture, soil temperature, soil pH, and soil organic carbon). Sand flies were present throughout the year with minimum abundance in winter months and maximum during monsoon and postmonsoon months. Correlation analysis examined pairwise relationships among the 8 ecological parameters and P. argentipes abundance. Multiple linear regression of sand fly abundance on the 8 parameters showed that average soil temperature and soil moisture, both recorded 1 mo earlier, were associated positively with sand fly abundance. These findings have important implications for Indian kala-azar disease control and prevention. Effective vector management programs are needed most when weather conditions favor increased sand fly abundance, given that greater sand fly abundance increases the likelihood of host-vector contact and the transmission of Leishmania.

Keywords: Phlebotomus argentipes; ecology; population dynamics; ecological parameters; correlation coefficient; multiple linear regression

Journal Article.  3306 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology ; Entomology

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