Journal Article

Identification of low-dose responsive metabolites in X-irradiated human B lymphoblastoid cells and fibroblasts

Naohiro Tsuyama, Hajime Mizuno, Atsushi Katafuchi, Yu Abe, Yumiko Kurosu, Mitsuaki Yoshida, Kenji Kamiya and Akira Sakai

in Journal of Radiation Research

Volume 56, issue 1, pages 46-58
Published in print January 2015 | ISSN: 0449-3060
Published online September 2014 | e-ISSN: 1349-9157 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rru078

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Ionizing radiation (IR) induces cellular stress responses, such as signal transduction, gene expression, protein modification, and metabolite change that affect cellular behavior. We analyzed X-irradiated human Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B lymphoblastoid cells and normal fibroblasts to search for metabolites that would be suitable IR-responsive markers by Liquid Chromotography–Mass spectrometry (LC–MS). Mass spectra, as analyzed with principal component analysis, showed that the proportion of peaks with IR-induced change was relatively small compared with the influence of culture time. Dozens of peaks that had either been upregulated or downregulated by IR were extracted as candidate IR markers. The IR-changed peaks were identified by comparing mock-treated groups to 100 mGy-irradiated groups that had recovered after 10 h, and the results indicated that the metabolites involved in nucleoside synthesis increased and that some acylcarnitine levels decreased in B lymphoblastoids. Some peaks changed by as much as 20 mGy, indicating the presence of an IR-sensitive signal transduction/metabolism control mechanism in these cells. On the other hand, we could not find common IR-changed peaks in fibroblasts of different origin. These data suggest that cell phenotype-specific pathways exist, even in low-dose responses, and could determine cell behavior.

Keywords: low-dose radiation; metabolomics; LC–MS; X-irradiation; fibroblast; B lymphoblastoid cell

Journal Article.  5054 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Genetics ; Molecular Biology and Genetics ; Epidemiology ; Radiology ; Nuclear Chemistry, Photochemistry, and Radiation