Chapter

Pituitary gland

Helen E. Turner, Richard Eastell and Ashley Grossman

in Oxford Desk Reference: Endocrinology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2018 | ISBN: 9780199672837
Published online August 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191835629 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199672837.003.0003

Series: Oxford Desk Reference Series

Pituitary gland

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This chapter describes the pituitary gland, associated disorders, and clinical practice. The pituitary gland or hypophysis is a bean shaped, bilaterally symmetrical reddish-brown organ, located in the sella turcica at the base of the brain under the hypothalamus. The chapter discusses genetic testing for pituitary adenomas, as well as imaging methods, indications for treatment and management. It presents disorders such as prolactinoma, acromegaly, Cushing’s disease, pituitary tumours, pituitary carcinoma, and parasellar pituitary conditions, describing their causes, common symptoms, and clinical treatments. It also describes the general, anatomical pathway for pituitary-related disorders from growth hormone (commonly abbreviated as GH), to gonadotrophins, to adrenocorticotropic hormone (commonly abbreviated as ACTH), and finally to thyroid-stimulating hormone (commonly abbreviated as TSH).

Chapter.  37189 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes

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