Chapter

Cerebral Hemispheres

Elliott M. Marcus, Stanley Jacobson and Thomas D. Sabin

in Integrated Neuroscience and Neurology

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print August 2014 | ISBN: 9780199744435
Published online April 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199348909 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199744435.003.0026
Cerebral Hemispheres

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Ischemic occlusive diseases are caused by arteriosclerosis (15%), small vessel lacunae (9%), emboli (60%), dissections, and other causes (3%). The internal carotid may be involved by arteriosclerosis in its extracranial or intracranial portions. The most common site is the origin of the vessel at the bifurcation of the common carotid into the internal and external carotid. The middle cerebral artery is the direct continuation of the internal carotid artery, and it is a common site of syndromes either of the lenticulostriate branches or cortical branches. The anterior cerebral artery is a branch of the middle cerebral artery and is a less common site of disease. The posterior cerebral artery is the direct continuation of the vertebral basilar artery and symptoms in the brain stem and cerebellum are common from diseases in this artery.

Chapter.  16166 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Medicine ; Neurology

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