Chapter

Injury severity scoring systems

Matthew Rosengart

in Trauma Intensive Care

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2013 | ISBN: 9780199777709
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199353057 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199777709.003.0002

Series: Pittsburgh Critical Care Medicine

Injury severity scoring systems

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  • Critical Care
  • Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Medical Statistics and Methodology

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Discerning who the most critically injuredpatients are from among the overall population ofinjured necessitates a method by which to estimate the risk of an outcome, suchas death, and thus identify who would benefit from this higher level of care.Injury severity scoring is simply a means by which to do this, to characterize andquantify an injury. It has been extended to estimating the risk of an outcome(e.g., mortality, morbidity, length of stay). The scores themselvesdraw upon characteristics of the patient (anatomic, physiologic, comorbidity)to construct a summary measure quantifying a patient–s condition after injury.These have been incorporated into a fourth type of score that combines theseelements to enhance the predictive capacity.

Chapter.  4111 words. 

Subjects: Critical Care ; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery ; Medical Statistics and Methodology

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