Chapter

Neuropsychological Abnormalities Underlying Specific Learning Disabilities

Yitzchak Frank

in Specific Learning Disabilities

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2014 | ISBN: 9780199862955
Published online November 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780199374564 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199862955.003.0002
Neuropsychological Abnormalities Underlying Specific Learning Disabilities

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Specific learning disabilities (SLD) are a group of conditions usually distinguished by academic difficulties. Such difficulties can involve reading, (including basic reading skills and comprehension), writing, and arithmetic (including mathematical calculation and reasoning). Other names assigned to these types of learning disabilities are dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia, respectively. Most learning disabled children have a combination of these academic difficulties (Shapiro & Gallico, 1986) and the most common is a reading disability or dyslexia with other academic disabilities, for instance spelling or mathematical disability (Badian, 1983). The term “SLD” is, in many ways, a minimalistic term because it refers to, and is measured by, academic underachievement. In reality, individuals with SLD frequently have other difficulties affecting their life. They may have difficulties with motor coordination, motor execution, and study organization. They may have behavioral problems, social deficits, low self-esteem, and oppositional attitudes. They are frequently referred to as being, in general, “immature.”

Chapter.  6975 words. 

Subjects: Neurology

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