Journal Article

Sensitive and specific miRNA detection method using SplintR Ligase

Jingmin Jin, Sophie Vaud, Alexander M. Zhelkovsky, Janos Posfai and Larry A. McReynolds

in Nucleic Acids Research

Volume 44, issue 13, pages e116-e116
Published in print July 2016 | ISSN: 0305-1048
Published online May 2016 | e-ISSN: 1362-4962 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkw399

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We describe a simple, specific and sensitive microRNA (miRNA) detection method that utilizes Chlorella virus DNA ligase (SplintR® Ligase). This two-step method involves ligation of adjacent DNA oligonucleotides hybridized to a miRNA followed by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). SplintR Ligase is 100X faster than either T4 DNA Ligase or T4 RNA Ligase 2 for RNA splinted DNA ligation. Only a 4–6 bp overlap between a DNA probe and miRNA was required for efficient ligation by SplintR Ligase. This property allows more flexibility in designing miRNA-specific ligation probes than methods that use reverse transcriptase for cDNA synthesis of miRNA. The qPCR SplintR ligation assay is sensitive; it can detect a few thousand molecules of miR-122. For miR-122 detection the SplintR qPCR assay, using a FAM labeled double quenched DNA probe, was at least 40× more sensitive than the TaqMan assay. The SplintR method, when coupled with NextGen sequencing, allowed multiplex detection of miRNAs from brain, kidney, testis and liver. The SplintR qPCR assay is specific; individual let-7 miRNAs that differ by one nucleotide are detected. The rapid kinetics and ability to ligate DNA probes hybridized to RNA with short complementary sequences makes SplintR Ligase a useful enzyme for miRNA detection.

Journal Article.  11022 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences

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