Alvar Aalto

(1898—1976) Finnish architect and designer

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Finnish architect and designer, whose early neoclassical style changed in the late 1920s to the international modern, in such buildings as the Viipuri library and the MIT hall of residence.

Born in Kuortane, Aalto studied at the Helsinki Technical University and in 1938 went to the USA, where he taught at MIT and the Cambridge College of Architecture in Massachusetts. After World War II he returned to Finland and carried on an international practice.

His typically Scandinavian buildings include the Viipuri library (1927–35), the Paimio convalescent home (1929–33), the town hall at Säynatsälo (1951), and the Finlandia Concert Hall in Helsinki (1971), his last building. Outside Scandinavia his important buildings include the MIT hall of residence (1947) and the Maison Carré near Paris (1956–58), which he finished with his own bentwood furniture, which he had firstdesigned in 1932.

Subjects: Art — Architecture.

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