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The doctrine that baptism should only be administered to believing adults, held by a radical Protestant sect which emerged during the 1520s and 1530s, following the ideas of reformers such as Zwingli. Anabaptists also advocated complete separation of Church and state and many of their beliefs are today carried on by the Mennonites.

Recorded from the mid 16th century, the name comes via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek anabaptismos, from ana- ‘over again’ + baptismos ‘baptism’.

Subjects: Religion — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

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