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A town in Nearer Spain. It lay on a peninsula within one of the best harbours of the Mediterranean. Originally named Mastia, it was refounded as New Carthage in 228 bc as a base for the Carthaginian conquest of Spain. It was captured by Scipio Africanus in 209, made a colony, probably by 42 bc. Excavations have revealed the amphitheatre, theatre, streets, private houses, and the late Roman walls. It was famous for its silver‐mines (which brought the Roman treasury a daily revenue of 2,500 drachmas in the mid‐2nd cent. bc), and its fish‐pickle (see fishing).

Subjects: History — Classical Studies.

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