Darius III

(c. 380—330 bc)

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Alexander the Great (356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323



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Acceded to the throne of Persia after the assassination of Artaxerxēs IV (336 bc). Since antiquity he has been judged negatively—a distortion of a complex reality. His dynastic legitimacy is well established; he prepared himself well for the confrontation with Alexander 2 the Great; to the last he adhered to a coherent strategy in coping with an exceptional opponent. He died in 330 as a result of a plot, when his struggle against Alexander had plainly failed.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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