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A general term for meditation across a variety of Hindu traditions. More specifically, one of the aṣṭāṅgas, the eight limbs of (or aids to) yoga, according to the classical, or Rāja Yoga system expounded in Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra (2.29). Along with dhāraṇā (concentration) and samādhi (absorbed concentration), dhyāna is considered one of the more advanced, inner limbs. It represents a state of mind characterized by total and immersive concentration on, and insight into, the nature of the object of meditation, to the exclusion of all other objects or ideas (Yoga Sūtra 3.2).

Subjects: Religion.

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