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Were the ruling clan of the Kathmandu valley who, in the 18th cent., expanded their empire over much of Nepal. They were defeated in 1814–16 by Lord Hastings. However, their fighting qualities—especially with the kukri knife—earned much respect. The king of Nepal was invited to supply Gurkha contingents to the British Indian army. Gurkha batallions served with distinction in many colonial engagements, including the Indian mutiny, and in the First and Second World Wars.

Subjects: Military History — British History.

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