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A non-theistic religion founded in India in the 6th century bc by the Jina Vardhamana Mahavira as a reaction against the teachings of orthodox Brahmanism, and still practised there. The Jain religion teaches salvation by perfection through successive lives, and non-injury to living creatures, and is noted for its ascetics.

The name Jain, for an adherent of Jainism, comes via Hindi from Sanskrit jaina ‘of or concerning a Jina (a great Jain teacher or holy man, literally ‘victor’)’, from ji- ‘conquer’ or iyā ‘overcome’.

Subjects: Religion.

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