Karl Pearson

(1857—1936) statistician and eugenicist

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English statistician and polymath. Pearson studied mathematics at Cambridge, but philosophy in Germany and law in London. He taught applied mathematics and statistics at the University of London, but his philosophical interests led to The Grammar of Science (1892), an empiricist work reminiscent of Ernst Mach. He pioneered the mathematical treatment of heredity and invented the phrase ‘standard deviation’.

Subjects: Philosophy — Probability and Statistics.

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