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In psychoanalysis, a term introduced by the South African statesman and philosopher Jan Christiaan Smuts (1870–1950) in his book Holism and Evolution (1926, p. 262) and adopted by the US psychologist Henry Alexander Murray (1893–1988) to denote a theory of personality and social behaviour in which a person's needs and personality are considered as an integrated whole. See also Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, need (3), need-press, press, TAT.

Subjects: Psychology.

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