semantic memory

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A type of long-term memory for factual information about the world, excluding personal episodes in one's life, typical examples being knowledge of the dates of the Second World War, the chemical formula for water, and the Spanish word for a book. The concept was introduced in 1972 by the Estonian-born Canadian psychologist Endel Tulving (born 1927), who distinguished it from episodic memory and procedural memory. See also generic knowledge. [From Greek semantikos significant, from sema a sign + -ikos of, relating to, or resembling, so called because it is necessary for the use of language]

Subjects: Psychology.

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