(1856–1942), OT scholar. Born at Calcutta and educated at Edinburgh, Tübingen, and Leipzig, he became minister of Queen's Cross Free Church, Aberdeen in 1882, professor of OT at the United Free Church College at Glasgow in 1892 and Principal of the University of Aberdeen in 1909. He travelled extensively in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine. His writings include The Book of Isaiah (Expositor's Bible, 2 vols., 1888–90); Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1894, 25th edn., 1931, still unsurpassed); The Twelve Prophets (Expositor's Bible, 2 vols., 1896–7); Life of Henry Drummond (1899); Jerusalem (2 vols., 1907–8); The Early Poetry of Israel (Schweich Lectures, 1912); Deuteronomy (Cambridge Bible, 1918); and Jeremiah (1923).
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.