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One of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs. The word is Arabic, and means literally, ‘custom, normative rule’.

Sunni Triangle a three-corned area of Iraq between Baghdad, Ramadi to the west, and Tikrit to the north, inhabited mainly by Sunni Muslims. It was a centre of support for Saddam Hussein (who was born near Tikrit), and after the overthrow of Saddam in 2003 became a focal point for armed insurgency.

Subjects: Islam.

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