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In Homeric legend, the city of King Priam, besieged for ten years by the Greeks during the Trojan War. It was regarded as having been a purely legendary city until the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (1822–90) identified the mound of Hissarlik on the NE Aegean coast of Turkey as the site of Troy. Excavations showed the mound to be composed of nine main strata, dating from the early Bronze Age to the Roman era. The stratum known as Troy VIIa is believed to be that of the Homeric city; the city was apparently sacked and destroyed by fire in the mid 13th century bc, a period coinciding with the Mycenaean civilization of Greece.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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