The acronym UNICEF originally stood for United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. Although the name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund in 1953, the acronym survived because it was so widely recognized it had become a noun. In 1965, UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work on child advocacy. In the 1970s, UNICEF assumed a global leadership role in dealing with health problems affecting children. In 1990, it sponsored the World Summit on Children. This drafted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, affirming the right of all children to health, education, and freedom from oppression and slavery. This declaration has been ratified by all the world's nations except the United States and Somalia. Details of UNICEF's activities are at http://www.unicef.org.
Subjects: Law — Public Health and Epidemiology.