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Of Ephesus (b. c.325 bc), pupil of Philitas, became the first head of the Library at Alexandria (c.284) and undertook the classification of the Greek epic and lyric poets, some of whom he edited. His recension of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, in which the poems may have been divided into 24 books for the first time, represented the first scholarly attempt to get back to the original Homeric text by the collation of several manuscripts. He marked lines of the genuineness of which he felt doubt with a newly ‐invented sign, the obelus.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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