Cyril Louis Norton Newall

(1886—1963) air force officer

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phoney war

Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding (1882—1970) air force officer

Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal (1893—1971) air force officer

Battle of Britain


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(1886–1963), British airman who, as an air chief marshal, served from 1937 to September 1940, as chief of the Air Staff and on the Chiefs of Staff committee. He supported the government's decision not to bomb Germany during the phoney war, as he saw no point in provoking retaliation before the RAF could fight on equal terms. He presided over the development of Fighter Command which, under Dowding, was to win the battle of Britain, having opposed its expansion in 1939 at the expense of Bomber Command. He was succeeded by Portal, promoted, and then appointed governor-general of New Zealand, a post he held from 1941 to 1946 when he was created a baron. He was knighted in 1938.

From The Oxford Companion to World War II in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Second World War.

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