(c. 340—260 bc)

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(c.340–260 bc)

of Athens was a truly Hellenistic man. The mini‐biography of him in the Suda reveals a man of religion, a patriot, and a scholar‐historian, who wrote at least 27 works, of which the most famous was his Atthis. He was the last atthidographer and the most respected, to judge from the number of times his work was cited.

The Atthis was seventeen books long. We have over 170 fragments. It was arranged in the standard chronological form of the genre, by kings and archons (see archontes), and presented its information in succinct factual notices in unadorned prose. Philochorus devoted only two books to the early period down to Solon, and two more to the end of the 5th cent. The 4th cent., which had been treated in detail by Androtion, was also reduced to two books. The remaining eleven books covered the 60 years from 320–260. So, Philochorus' main interest was the period of his mature years. Unfortunately nothing of significance has survived from these books, because this period did not interest the later scholars who cited him. In his research Philochorus used documents and his own experience for his own time. For the earlier period he used Androtion. Philochorus was familiar with the works of Herodotus, Thucydides (2), Ephorus, and Theopompus.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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