Article

Naucratis

Myrto Malouta


Published online July 2015 | | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935390.013.114

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This chapter traces the history of Naucratis and highlights the city’s main characteristics, arranged thematically. Naucratis represents the first instance of organized Greek presence recorded in Egypt, dating to the seventh century BC. While another three poleis were founded later in Egypt, the uniqueness of Naucratis lies in its status as the first Greek settlement and only emporion in Egypt, and thus the main focus is on its position as the cultural crossroads between Egypt and the Greek world. Archaeological, literary, epigraphic, and papyrological evidence is critically appraised, as are the main current debates on the foundation and function of the city and formation of its citizens’ cultural identity in the pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods.

Keywords: Naucratis; emporion; port of trade; Hellenism; Hellenion; Nile delta

Article.  8177 words. 

Subjects: Egyptology

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