Journal Article

Agricultural Distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Trade and Welfare Indicators, 1961 to 2004

Johanna L. Croser and Kym Anderson

in The World Bank Economic Review

Volume 25, issue 2, pages 250-277
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online May 2011 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhr012
Agricultural Distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Trade and Welfare Indicators, 1961 to 2004

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  • International Trade
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For decades, agricultural price and trade policies in Sub-Saharan Africa hampered farmers' contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction. This paper draws on a modification of so-called trade restrictiveness indexes to provide theoretically precise partial-equilibrium indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural policy distortions to producer and consumer prices in 19 African countries since 1961. Annual time series estimates are provided not only by country but also, for the region, by commodity and by policy instrument. The findings reveal the considerable extent of policy reform over the past two decades, especially through reducing export taxation; but they also reveal that national policies continue to reduce trade and economic welfare much more in Sub-Saharan Africa than in Asia or Latin America.

Keywords: F13; F14; F15; N57; Q17; Q18

Journal Article.  10030 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Trade ; Agricultural, Environmental, and Natural Resource Economics ; Agricultural Economics

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