Journal Article

Robust Comparisons of Malnutrition in Developing Countries

David E. Sahn and David C. Stifel

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

Published on behalf of Agricultural and Applied Economics Association

Volume 84, issue 3, pages 716-735
Published in print August 2002 | ISSN: 0002-9092
Published online August 2002 | e-ISSN: 1467-8276 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8276.00330
Robust Comparisons of Malnutrition in Developing Countries

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  • Welfare and Poverty
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We use Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to make international and inter-temporal welfare comparisons. While most poverty analyses rely on expenditures or income, we use anthropometric measures of nutrition as indicators of living standards. The advantages are that we observe individual—not household—well-being, deflators and exchange rates are unnecessary, and measurement techniques are similar across surveys. We test the robustness of the headcount results, and find that applying higher order Foster-Greer-Thorbecke poverty measures adds little information; although stochastic dominance testing of nutrition distributions reveals that changes in malnutrition are sensitive to the choice of the “nutrition poverty line”.

Keywords: DHS; nutrition; poverty; stochastic dominance; welfare dynamics; I120; I320; O150

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Welfare and Poverty ; Economics of Health ; Economic Development

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