Journal Article

Audiomagnetotelluric investigations of shallow sedimentary basins in northern Sudan

Heinrich Brasse and Volker Rath

in Geophysical Journal International

Volume 128, issue 2, pages 301-314
Published in print February 1997 | ISSN: 0956-540X
Published online February 1997 | e-ISSN: 1365-246X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb01556.x
Audiomagnetotelluric investigations of shallow sedimentary basins in northern Sudan

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Audiomagnetotelluric (AMT) investigations were carried out to study shallow sedimentary basins in northern Sudan and southern Egypt. Unlike recordings in settled areas, the natural variations (atmospherics) in the eastern Sahara were completely unperturbed by cultural noise, usually yielding very high data quality. Typical recordings and spectra are presented. The atmospherics show distinct daily variations, with maximum amplitudes in the local afternoon/night hours. As a sort of calibration, AMT measurements together with DC-resistivity and electromagnetic soundings were conducted at several groundwater boreholes. Under favourable conditions, a vertical anisotropy may be resolved by joint inversion of DCR and AMT data. The results of a case study in the Es Safya basin (NW Sudan) are presented. The investigations were aimed at determining basement depths and groundwater levels, as well as the direction and dip of major bounding faults. 2-D modelling and inversion revealed the overall conductivity structure of this shallow graben. The AMT method proved to be a valuable tool for a comparatively swift reconnaissance study of shallow structures.

Keywords: magnetotellurics; sedimentary basins; Sudan

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Geophysics

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