Journal Article

The impact of cosmic dust on supernova cosmology

Pier Stefano Corasaniti

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 372, issue 1, pages 191-198
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online September 2006 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10825.x
The impact of cosmic dust on supernova cosmology

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Extinction by intergalactic grey dust introduces a magnitude redshift-dependent offset in the standard–candle relation of supernova Type Ia. This leads to overestimated luminosity distances compared to a dust-free universe. Quantifying the amplitude of this systematic effect is crucial for an accurate determination of the dark energy parameters. In this paper, we model the grey dust extinction in terms of the star formation history of the Universe and the physical properties of the dust grains. We focus on a class of cosmic dust models which satisfy current observational constraints. These can produce an extinction as large as 0.08   mag at z= 1.7 and potentially disrupt the dark energy parameter inference from future SN surveys. In particular depending on the dust model, we find that an unaccounted extinction can bias the estimation of a constant dark energy equation of state w by shifting its best-fitting value up to 20 per cent from its true value. Near-IR broad-band photometry will hardly detect this effect, while the induced decrement of the Balmer lines requires high signal-to-noise spectra. Indeed, IR-spectroscopy will be needed for high-redshift SNe. Cosmic dust extinction may also cause a detectable violation of the distance–duality relation. A more comprehensive knowledge of the physics of the intergalactic medium is necessary for an accurate modelling of intergalactic dust. Due to the large magnitude dispersion current luminosity distance measurements are insensitive to such possible extinction effects. In contrast, these must be taken into account if we hope to disclose the true nature of dark energy with the upcoming generation of SN Ia surveys.

Keywords: dust, extinction; cosmology: theory

Journal Article.  5343 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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