Journal Article

An Empirical Exploration of the Population-Environment Nexus in India

Haimanti Bhattacharya and Robert Innes

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

Published on behalf of Agricultural and Applied Economics Association

Volume 90, issue 4, pages 883-901
Published in print November 2008 | ISSN: 0002-9092
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1467-8276 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8276.2008.01156.x
An Empirical Exploration of the Population-Environment Nexus in India

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  • Environmental Economics
  • Demographic Economics
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This article presents an empirical study of population growth and environmental change using cross-section district-level data from South, Central, and West India. Environmental change is measured using a satellite-based vegetation index. Unlike prior work, the analysis treats population growth and environmental change as jointly determined, distinguishes between rural and urban populations, and distinguishes between two components of population growth, natural growth and migration. Among key findings are that environmental decline spurs rural population growth and net rural in-migration, which prompt further environmental decline; environmental improvement spurs urban population growth and net urban in-migration; and environmental scarcity spurs environmental improvement.

Keywords: environmental degradation; population growth; satellite data; J110; O130; O150; O180; Q560; R230

Journal Article.  10873 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Economics ; Demographic Economics ; Household Analysis ; Economic Development

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