Journal Article

Gastric inflammatory markers and interleukins in patients with functional dyspepsia treated with astaxanthin

Leif Percival Andersen, Susanne Holck, Limas Kupcinskas, Gediminas Kiudelis, Laimas Jonaitis, Dainius Janciauskas, Henrik Permin and Torkel Wadström

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

Published on behalf of Federation of Microbiological Societies

Volume 50, issue 2, pages 244-248
Published in print July 2007 | ISSN: 0928-8244
Published online May 2007 | e-ISSN: 1574-695X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-695X.2007.00257.x
Gastric inflammatory markers and interleukins in patients with functional dyspepsia treated with astaxanthin

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  • Medical Microbiology and Virology
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Abstract

The chronic active inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori is dominated by neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes and plasma cells. Several interleukins are involved in the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin on gastric inflammation in patients with functional dyspepsia. Forty-four consecutive patients were included, and biopsies were examined for IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, interferon-γ, CD4, CD8, CD14, CD19, CD25 and CD30. Patients were randomized: 21 patients were treated with 40 mg of astaxanthin daily, and 23 patients were treated with a placebo. There was a significant decrease in gastric inflammation in H. pylori-positive patients from both groups. There were no significant changes in the density of H. pylori or in any of the interleukins during or after treatment. There was a significant up-regulation of CD4 and down-regulation of CD8 in patients with H. pylori treated with astaxanthin. Astaxanthin had an effect on the inflammation and on the density of H. pylori in mice in a study where the diet could be standardized without antioxidants (Bennedsen, 1999). These dietary conditions are impossible in studies involving humans, and may be due to the minor effect when the host have access to antioxidants in their diet.

Keywords: gastric inflammation; gastritis; astaxanthin; interleukins; CD4; CD8

Journal Article.  2441 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Biotechnology ; Genetics and Genomics ; Microbiology ; Molecular and Cell Biology

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