Formulating the Dead Negev Doctrine During the Israeli Period Chapter abstract: This chapter focuses on the history and impact of the Dead Negev Doctrine—the legal doctrine utilized by the Israeli government and judiciary to dispossess Bedouin Arab communities of their lands. The chapter begins with the land claims lodged by the Bedouins in the early 1970’s and the special governmental committee established in response in 1975 (headed by Pliah Albeck of the State Attorney Office, the mastermind behind the DND). The chapter shows how the DND manipulated Ottoman and British law to determine that all Bedouin lands in the Negev should be classified as mewat and thus “state land,” and how it defined the Bedouin claimants as trespassers on their own lands. First adopted by the Israeli Supreme Court in 1984 in the al-Hawashlah precedent, and applied to hundreds of cases since, the doctrine has led to major evictions, crops’ demolitions, and house demolitions by the Israeli state.
Keywords: Dead Negev Doctrine; Dead Negev Doctrine; Pliah Albeck; Bedouin Lands; Al-Hawashlah; Israel Supreme Court; Dispossession; Land Settlement; Legitimation
Chapter. 12812 words.
Subjects: Comparative Law
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