The Impact of Plan Colombia on Forced Displacement

Samuel Martínez

in International Migration and Human Rights

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520258211
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942578 | DOI:
The Impact of Plan Colombia on Forced Displacement

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This chapter explains how Plan Colombia has assaulted the human rights to life, safety, and subsistence of millions of Colombians and thus worsened the problem of internally forced displacement. It focuses on forced displacement, its causes, and the human costs of displacement for those affected by it. It emphasizes Plan Colombia—the process of its creation, its logic and assumptions, as well as the evolution of its aims and strategies as it has been implemented. It examines the impact of Plan Colombia on forced displacement and ponders the particular responsibility borne by the United States for worsening this crisis. Through promotion and support for Plan Colombia, the U.S. national security agenda has negatively impacted uncounted communities in Colombia, and now threatens to expand its negative consequences across the whole Andean region. The pursuit of U.S. official policy objectives by primarily military means has yielded dubious gains while worsening already grave threats to security for millions of Colombians, forcing many to flee their homes and land and seek safety somewhere else within the national territory or neighboring countries.

Keywords: Plan Colombia; forced displacement; human rights; national territory; national security

Chapter.  6395 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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