Chapter

From the Scopes Trial to Darwin on Trial

Edward Caudill

in Intelligently Designed

Published by University of Illinois Press

Published in print November 2013 | ISBN: 9780252038013
Published online April 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780252095306 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5406/illinois/9780252038013.003.0004
From the Scopes Trial to Darwin on Trial

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This chapter examines the transformation of the creationist movement after William Jennings Bryan's death and the Scopes trial. When Bryan died, fundamentalism was thrown into some disarray. However, creationists were also forced to reorganize and rethink his progressive politics and liberal interpretation. During the next few years, several individuals campaigned to become Bryan's successor, from George F. Washburn to Paul Rood and Gerald Winrod. This chapter begins with a discussion of changes in the fundamentalist movement after Scopes, with particular emphasis on the rise of creationism. It then considers the growth of religion, and religiosity in general, during the 1950s and 1960s, highlighted by the emergence of televangelists led by Billy Graham, and the “culture war” of the 1980s and 1990s. It also analyzes the book The Genesis Flood: The Biblical Record and Its Scientific Implications (1961), by Henry Morris and John Whitcomb; the so-called “decade of creation” in the 1970s; and the evolution of “creation-science” into “intelligent design.”

Keywords: creationism; William Jennings Bryan; Scopes trial; fundamentalism; televangelists; Billy Graham; culture war; The Genesis Flood; creation-science; intelligent design

Chapter.  9236 words. 

Subjects: Cultural Studies

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